Dendrobium aphyllum from South India | Leafless Dendrobium


Leafless Dendrobium

Dendrobium aphyllum from South India

Dendrobium pierardii or aphyllum or cucullatum is an orchid found in most collections.There are quite 25,000 species within the sort of documents, and scientists are finding more and more new species of orchids in nature a day . William Roxburgh was a physician by profession and a botanist. He joined the East India Company in India as a surgeon. Dendrobium aphyllum was collected by William Roxberg from South India and described in his book Plants of the Coast of Coromandel as Limodoram aphyllum

Dendrobium pierardii or aphyllum or cucullatum is an orchid found in most collections. It's also referred to as the ‘hooded orchid’ due to the cone shaped lip of the flower. it's attractive and simply cultivated and has long, pendulous stems that become leafless within the resting period and, for a couple of weeks during the spring. It carries numerous, pinkish violet, fragrant flowers with a straw or whitish lip. Although there are many prettier species within the Dendrobium genera, few are as rewarding and protracted because of the pierardii in cultivation.

Den. aphyllum (pierardii)

Winter (December-February) During the rest of Dendrobium pierardii, watering and fertilizing should be avoided. May-October requires regular application of light fertilizer for abundant flowering. In March-April the D.pierardii leaves are empty, the flowers are twenty, the light pink, white, purple flowers are full of hanging branches. It has a light fragrance. The big mango trees are their favorite place to match their colors. If the D.pierardii is allowed to grow in any big tree, the huge fragrance and beauty pair that they have during March-April during flowering matches. The leafless pink, white, purple micelle flower is like a conference of many butterflies, sometimes compared to a waterfall. If you try, it can be observed indoors in the right media and containers.

Thailand has the best orchid flower production in the world. The best-selling orchid flowers are Dendrobium Aranda, Arachnis, Oncidium and Vanda. Orchid Flower had an estimated 500 million USD business in Thailand in 2016.

D.pierardii  is the cheapest orchid flower, it does not fall among the cut flowers, its duration is short.

Thailand is the best within the world within the production of orchids. The best-selling orchids are Dendrobium aranda, Arachnis, Oncidium and Vanda. Thailand consistent with the 2016 estimates in, 500 there have been many USD businesses Of orchid flowers.

dendrobium aphyllum (pierardii) is the cheapest orchid flower, it doesn't fall among the cut flowers, its durability is brief .

Den. aphyllum (pierardii) Care

Care and Habitat:   This terrific plant grows with a pendant habit, the growths first growing up, and then bending over and down. With light lavender blooms in creme colored lip, and fragrant, the plant is relatively easy to cultivate and make them bloom.

While actively growing, provide the plants with plenty of bright but filtered light. They will grow well under the same light conditions as most Cattleyas. Most of these Dendrobiums grow attached to deciduous trees, so they want higher light in winter. Grow them under Cattleya light levels during the growing season, and move them to much brighter Vanda light levels during their resting period.

Den. aphyllum (pierardii) Weather

In their natural habitat, these orchids experience mild to warm daytime temperatures in spring and summer, and generally cooler temperatures in the winter. For most, the winter night temperatures range from about 5°C to about 12°C. The temps are intermediate to warm in the growing season and the plants will do equally well with high temps in the 35’s.

Water for Den. aphyllum (pierardii)

This may be the most crucial element to success with these orchids. In their natural conditions it is fairly wet during the late spring, summer and early fall. Rainfall is quite heavy for a few months, but it tapers off in the late fall, and the winter months are fairly dry. Water the plants regularly when they are actively growing. Mounted plants can be watered daily if air circulation is good. During the growing season, when the new leafy stems emerge and mature, the plant must be kept well watered in a humid atmosphere.

Fertilizer for Den. aphyllum (pierardii)

These den. pierardii  benefit from regular feeding when they’re actively growing. Any balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can be used, diluted according to package directions. The standard NPK 20-20-20 is a good option; feed once a week during the growing season. Reduce feeding in the fall and eliminate it completely when the plants are resting in the winter. Resume feeding after the flowers have finished. High Phosphorus and Potash during flowering and after maturity of bulbs is recommended.

Potting: The pendant stems of those orchids make them a challenge to grow in pots, in order that they are usually grown mounted, or in hanging baskets. The larger species can grow to great size, so if mounted, the mount material should be sturdy – a cork slab or dense fern plaque works well. Mounted plants are often watered daily in summer if the air circulation is good. during a basket, use a really well-drained epiphyte mix. However, mounting or growing in baskets is preferred. The species are often grown in pots with a medium of coco chips, charcoal and brick pieces, though they're likely better mounted if possible.

Generally from May to October, regular, low doses of fertilizer (appropriate for epiphytic orchids) are often given. In late autumn and winter, heavy watering and fertilization should be stopped, although light misting often continues to stop an excessive amount of drying out. The leaves will turn yellow and fall off. Lower temperatures (but not frost) and powerful light during the leafless stage may stimulate flowering the subsequent spring. Any open, well drained orchid compost will do, as long as waterlogged conditions are avoided.

Resting Period and care: Giving your Dendrobium a respite can make a difference between a specimen plant with impressive and abundant flowers and one that's producing just a couple of blooms. a number of the species of Dendrobiums of this group are, anosmum, primulinum, aphyllum, nobile and parishii. This respite simulates the conditions that trigger blooming in their natural habitats. The winter rest is completely necessary for spring blooming, and people that feel pitying their plants and water or feed during the winter are going to be disappointed. Stop watering round the beginning of December and don’t resume until the buds have fully formed within the Spring.

Observe the ideas of the canes; within the fall, they're going to stop producing new leaves. This is often the signal that the plant has finished growing for the season; gradually reduce watering, and permit the plant to dry somewhat between watering. There’s some moisture within the habitat at this point , therefore the plants do get a touch of water from dew or fog; a light-weight watering every few days is all they have . Growth will start again within the early spring at about an equivalent time that the flower buds begin to make . Once the buds are formed, and new growth appears, increase watering again. It's quite typical for these Dendrobiums to drop all or most of their leaves during their winter resting period. Flower buds will appear on the stem opposite the attachment points of the leaves, and new growth will commence from the bottom of the previous year’s growth

If, within the spring, the plants produce keikis (baby plants) on the stem rather than flowers, the plant is telling you that something in its environment isn't correct. this might be an excessive amount of water during resting; the plants need a touch watering during this point but they need to dry completely for 2 or three days between watering. it's going to even be thanks to problems with temperature.

Dendrobium aphyllum

Dendrobium aphyllum (Roxb.) C.E.C.Fisch. in J.S.Gamble, Fl. Madras: 1416 (1928).


Limodorum aphyllum Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1: 34 (1795).

Cymbidium aphyllum (Roxb.) Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6:73 (1799).

Epidendrum aphyllum (Roxb.) Poir. in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 1: 371 (1810).

Callista aphylla (Roxb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 653 (1891).

Dendrobium cucullatum R.Br., Bot. Reg. 7: t. 548 (1821).

Dendrobium pierardii Roxb. ex Hook., Exot. Fl. 1: t. 9 (1822).

Pierardia bicolor Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 41 (1838), nom. superfl.

Dendrobium pierardii var. cucullatum (R.Br.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5(2): 738 (1890), nom. illeg.

Dendrobium oxyphyllum Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., II, 21: 743 (1950).

Dendrobium madrasense A.D.Hawkes, Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 25: 102 (1963), nom. illeg.

Dendrobium aphyllum var. cucullatum (R.Br.) P.K.Sarkar, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5: 1007 (1984).

Dendrobium aphyllum var. katakianum I.Barua, Orchid Fl. Kamrup Distr. Assam: 170 (2001). 


Common name: Leafless Dendrobium  



1.      Dendrobium aphyllum – Species profile from Kew –

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